Friday, 9 November 2018

Lest we forget




On 26 November 1921 a large and well-attended ceremony was held in the small town of Avoca in central Victoria to dedicate a memorial which had been erected in the main street to the soldiers of Avoca and district who had served in the Great War.

The memorial, initially conceived as a band rotunda, was an irregular octagon with eight piers carrying a roof obscured by a parapet. A frieze above the columns gives the names of the main areas where volunteers from Avoca fought: Gallipoli, France, Palestine, and Belgium. Low walls on four sides have a soldier’s helmet and pack sculptured in high relief. The entrances on the other sides are guarded by freestanding granite tablets inscribed with names of some of the soldiers from the district who fought in the First World War. The tablet on the northern side of the memorial records the names of some of those who died.

The Avoca memorial was intended to commemorate only those soldiers from the South Riding and from Percydale, but by early 1921 the town of Homebush was declining rapidly, and had lost so many of its residents that the Homebush Memorial Fund asked to join the Avoca fund. As a result, in addition to those from the South Riding and Percydale, the names of soldiers from Homebush were also intended to be included.

In theory perhaps, it should have been a straightforward matter to list the all the names of soldiers from these three places on the Memorial. In practice it was not so simple, and to this day, the names of many men who should be recorded there are missing from the Avoca memorial's granite tablets.

Although a memorial to the town's soldiers had been discussed for many years, the lists of names for the memorial appear to have been prepared in a hurry and were shockingly incomplete. In a letter to the "Avoca Mail" published on 19 November 1918, Councillor Arthur Paten, Honorary Secretary of the Memorial Committee, requested parents, relatives, or friends of soldiers from the South Riding of the Shire of Avoca and from the Percydale portion of the North Riding who had been on active service to forward him their name, rank, decoration, and whether killed. A list would be prepared and 'it was desired that the list be a complete one'. On 23 July 1921 a small sub-committee met to discuss names to be included on the memorial. A list of soldiers from Natte Yallock had been supplied by G. Cain, a farmer. Robert Robinson, who had served with the AIF, supplied a list of soldiers from Percydale. Names for Avoca and Homebush were compiled by Canon Reynolds, Vicar of the Church of England, Avoca, who was secretary of the local Progress Association, and Mr William Helliar, a farmer from Natte Yallock.
Perhaps a complete list could have been prepared from this information, but the attempt to produce it was compromised by bad planning, bureaucratic incompetence, and petty in-fighting between various
committees and local groups. The result was that only half the names that should be on the memorial are actually inscribed there.

This disgraceful treatment of Avoca and district soldiers has never been put right. The Avoca branch of the Returned and Services League, which boasts that "We foster respect and thanks from the nation for all those who have made sacrifices in Australia’s name...", has long known that the memorial is incomplete.

In less than a hundred years, 'Lest we forget' has become 'We have forgotten'.

Below is a list of 312 men associated with the Avoca district who served in the Great War. Only 137 of them are listed on the Avoca Soldiers’ Memorial.


Name
AIF Number
Killed or wounded?
Returned
Avoca Soldiers' Memorial
Anderson, Neil Watson
2281
Wounded May 1915
RTA 8.1.19
Listed
Armstong, Henry Martin
5647

RTA 18.1.19
Listed
Armstrong, James




Auld, Andrew
2121

RTA 18.1.19 Dis 24.4.19
Fallen
Bailey, George
6232

Dis 13.10.19

Bannister, Arthur William
3016A

Dis 28.8.19

Barnes, George Herbert
3118

KIA 10.9.17

Barnes, Henry William (Harry) - ? Should be Henry James
2790

KIA 14-16.8.16

Barnes, Hurtle Edgar
2459



Barnes, Walter
410

RTA 15.1.19

Barry, George




Barry, Roderick Ernest
61825

RTA 25.9.19
Listed
Beavis, James Sutherland (Jas Jun.)
Lieut 22
died of wounds, France 13/7/1918
DOW 13.7.18
Fallen
Beavis, John (Jack S.)
3691

RTA 18.1.19 Dis 15.5.19
Listed
Beer, Charles
3029
KIA, France, 27/3/1918
KIA 27.3.18
Fallen
Bennett, Donald
Major



Blackney, John Ernest
Lieut 2950

Dis June 18

Blain, John
Depot 2109

RTA 24.6.16
Listed
Bonsor, Vivian




Bowen, Leslie Francis
3615

RTA 6.9.19 Dis 18.11.19
Listed
Bowen, William Henry
1623



Bradley, Herbert James (Bert)
6477
wounded & invalided home
RTA 21.7.18
Listed
Brazil, Frank Edward
1884

RTA 2.1.19
Listed
Brereton, Charles Cecil
170

details not on nominal roll (AWM 133)
Listed
Brereton, William Gordon (Gordon)
1787

RTA 20.5.19 Dis 16.8.19
Listed
Bright, James Frederick
13684

RTA 9.12.18

Broadbent, J.




Brown, H. (Herbert / Bert)
3697

RTA 1.5.19
Listed
Brown, James Neil
4741
died of wounds, France 7/9/1917
DOW 7.9.17
Fallen
Brown, John Alexander
1799
died, Belgium 8/6/1917
KIA 8.6.17
Fallen
Burke, J.F.



Listed
Burke, P. (Son)



Listed
Burnett, W. (or Barnett?)



Listed
Burns, William
3039
died, Belgium 26/9/1917
KIA 26.9.17
Fallen
Cain, Henry George
Depot


Listed
Calnan, Claude
2386

RTA 18.1.19 Dis 17.4.19
Listed
Cameron, William




Carter, Edgar William




Carter, H.B.




Castleman, Ernest John
5813

RTA 12.4.19

Chambers, Hubert Randall
10234

Dis 5.11.17

Chandler, Horace Arthur



Listed
Chandler, W.



Listed
Chaplan, W.



Listed
Chapman, Jas Mayman
198
died 7/11/1920
RTA 13.4.19

Cheesman, William (Willie, Will)
1803

RTA 30.4.19

Clune, John Patrick
on home service

Dis 31.8.16

Coates, Ernest Frederick Collis
61246


Listed
Coffin, C.




Collins, Arthur William




Cox, Graham Rodgers
2567
killed in action Fleurbaix 16.7.16
KIA 19.7.16

Cox, Hubert Franklin
V78217

Dis after signing of Armistice

Cox, Lyle Hampden
4761
died of wounds 16.11.18
DOW 16.11.18

Cox, William Bramwell
7218

Dis 23.3.19

Crick, William James (Jack)
5064
wounded
RTA 8.4.17

Croft, Charles William
801
died Melbourne 17/6/1916


Cross, Frederick Beswick
1689 / 2021

RTA 23.7.19
Listed
Cross, George Murray
4757
Wounded
RTA 25.8.17
Listed
Crute, Arthur Thomas
134
wounded 1916
RTA 8.4.17
Listed
Cullip, Charles Wm Neil
14444


Listed
Currie, Hubert Roulstone Clifford (Cliff R.)
884
fallen
KIA 7.8.15

Curtain, M.




Da Fonte, Albert
1623



Daly, John Francis
358

RTA 4.1.19
Listed
Darker, William




Davenport, Harold A.
3074
killed in action 8/6/1917
KIA 8.6.17

Davies, D.




Derrick, Ernest Albert
1691


Listed
Diamond, Charles Patrick
2493


Listed
Dobley (Doblie), Leslie
1809 / 2301
died Belgium 4/10/1917
KIA 4.10.17
Fallen
Doodt, Charles A.
2654

RTA 16.3.19
Listed
Doodt, D (Dave)
3763

RTA 3.3.19
Listed
Douglas, J.




Douglas, James Oliver
3217

RTA 22.6.19
Listed
Downing, F.




Downing, Frederick




Driscoll, Allan Ernest
6132
KIA 12/7/1918
KIA 12.7.18

Driscoll, Bertie (Cecil Albert)
1676



Driver, William Henry
n/a
died Melbourne 14/8/1915
~
Fallen
Dunell, Frank Thomas Richard
6251

RTA 18.1.19

Durant, William




Ebeling, Eric Arthur
27732
twice wounded
Dis 28.9.17

Ebeling, GA (Gus)

Wounded at Gallipoli

Listed
Edwards, Alfred Richard (Lambert E.)
1537



Edwards, Archibald Richard (Arch.)
1337
Wounded May 1915
RTA 15.2.18

Elliott, Arthur




Elliott, N. (Norman)



Listed
Elliott, T. (Tom) [Thomas Job]
2628

no detail on AIF Nominal Roll
Listed
Elliott, W.N. (William or Nelson)



Listed
Esperson, Oscar Charles Rev




Evans, Gilbert George Henry
148
fallen
DOW 30/7/1916
Fallen
Evans, Stan W.




Farnsworth, William John




Farrell, Richard Louis




Firns, Septimus
1878 or 1078

RTA 4.12.15

Fish, Walter
2227
KIA Gallipoli 13/7/1915
KIA 13.7.15
Fallen
Ford, Arthur W. or Arthur T.

Wounded


Ford, H.



Listed
Fraser, Donald George (Don, Donald John)
2763

Dis 21.9.19
Listed
Frean, Norman Alfred
26

RTA 27.8.15

French, Charles George (Chas / Charles)
61608

Dis 7.10.19
Listed
French, Walter Henry A.
1702

RTA 24.5.16 Dis Sept 1916
Listed
French, William Henry
670

RTA 3.2.15
Listed
Fuller, Mark Reuben
7128

RTA 1.7.19

Gallag(h)er, Nathaniel
885
KIA Belgium 30/4/1917
KIA 30.4.17

Garner, David




Garner, Joseph James
2856

RTA 12.5.19
Listed
Gee, Frederick Roy
7489

RTA 13.7.19 Dis 28.9.19

Gee, Frederick William
2660

RTA 1.5.19
Listed
Gee, Jno. (Jack)
1856
wounded at Gallipoli; wounded in hand 1916
1/05/1919 Dis 6.7.19
Listed
George, Herbert L.
408
KiA France 25/7/1916
KIA 25.7.16

George, John James
4122



Gibson, Chas. A.
2654

RTA 16.12.17 Dis 6.8.18
Listed
Gilbert, Audrey S.
1125

Dis 6.8.16

Golder, Alfred Charles G.
42
wounded 1915
RTA 24.12.18 Dis 11.4.19
Listed
Golder, Frederick Otto
551

RTA 6.5.19 Dis 24.7.19
Listed
Gollop, Harold
4814

RTA 19.12.18 Dis 17.3.19
Listed
Gordon, Hugh G.




Gouge, Walter
2043
died 1928 of war wounds
RTA 18.1.19 Dis Apr 1919
Listed
Greenwood, Harold James
1852

RTA 8.5.19
Listed
Greenwood, Walter Herbert
886
invalided after 6 months in trenches
RTA 10.9.17
Listed
Hanly, Joseph Dillon




Harbour, Herbert Joseph H.
1716

RTA 19.8.19
Listed
Harris, Norman Cecil
2197
wounded Dardanelles
RTA 6.8.15
Listed
Harrowfield, Frank
2323

RTA 15.3.1919
Listed
Harrowfield, Norman Andrew
1740
died France 28/7/1916
KIA 26.7.16
Fallen
Harrowfield, Robert Leslie
4954
once wounded; once gassed
RTA 2.1.19 Dis 20.4.19
Listed
Hartigan, Clarence Victor
1927
KiA 20/1/1917
KIA 20.1.17

Hellings, David Harrison (Dave)
3401

RTA 22.7.19; Dis 30.9.19
Listed
Henderson, Alexander Thomas
5845

RTA 22.8.19

Henderson, C. [Charles?]



Listed
Henderson, John Hamilton
~
died Cerebro Meningitis 8/10/1915
buried Avoca
Fallen
Henderson, Joseph J.
792
once wounded; once gassed
Dis 18.5.18
Listed
Henderson, Thomas Arthur
2786

RTA 22.1.17
Listed
Henderson, Victor William
30

details not on nominal roll

Henry, Clifford Albert
22076
fallen
DOW 16.12.17
Fallen
Hilderbrand, Wm Jas (Will)
1687
wounded - Sep 1916
Dis 25.7.19
Listed
Hill, C.




Holland, Henry S.



Listed
Hope, George Reuben
623
fallen
KIA 30.8.15

Howard, Harold




Howell, Tom Pym
2126
KIA France 16/4/1918
~
Fallen
Hughes, A.




Hughes, W.



Listed
Humphrey, WC




Impey, Harold Thomas
5645

Dis 12.9.19

Irwin, Jas.




Jane, Percy




Jardine, John Armstrong
2770
malaria
RTA 3.7.19
Listed
Jardine, John William
2771

RTA 8.4.19
Listed
Jardine, William Edward
2772

RTA 4.10.18
Listed
Johnson, Cedric
1018?

RTA 22.9.19

Johnson, F.



Listed
Johnson, G. (George)



Listed
Johnson, Reginald Clarence (Rege.) or Reginald Campbell?
679
Wounded May 1915
RTA 8.10.15 Dis 14.3.16
Listed
Johnson, Roy Seccombe
2825

RTA 12.6.19

Johnson, Walter Henry Clarence
681

Dis 22.2.19
Listed
Johnson, William Lennon L. (Lennon)
7875

RTA 15.5.19 Dis 25.3.19
Listed
Keleher, J.




Kiehl, Anton
2020
KIA Gallipoli 19/5/1915
~
Fallen
Kitchell, Percy Vincent
3180

RTA 21.7.17 Dis Nov 1919
Listed
Kitchen, Arthur Leslie
3834
wounded in face and knee, 1916
RTA 28.3.19 Dis 19.5.19
Listed
Kitchen, George R.
3155
wounded 1916 - sustained 5 wounds - bullet passing clean through his leg
RTA 7.3.17 Dis 25.5.17
Listed
Knuckey, Frederick William Laurence
66

Drowned 10.10.18

La Roche, John B.
1504

Dis 1919

La Roche, Roy (O.R.)
6529

Dis Apr 1919

Laidlaw, R.T.



Listed
Lambert, Bert L.




Lambert, Shadrach
1537

Dis Jan 1917
Fallen
Langdon, J.




Lansdell, Francis Henry (Harry)
7516
KIA France 15/4/1918
~
Fallen
Larkins, James

Wounded in action in France Aug or Sep 1916

Listed
Lawry, Henry




Leerson, Albert Henry
1861


Listed
Lewis, C.R.




Lewis, J.W.




Leyden, John Maurice
~

RTA 6.11.18
Listed
Leyden, Phillip James (Phil)
11032

RTA 7.2.19
Listed
Lindsay, Francis James
967
Wounded: disability pension
Returned to Aust 19.10.18
Listed
Lindsay, John




Livingstone, John (Jack)
2406A
died of sickness France 21/10/1918
~
Fallen
Lofts, Arthur Leslie
1672

RTA 16.1.19

London, Henry John




Looney, Oliver John
504

no details on nominal roll

Lundy, Andrew




Lundy, John




Lyons, Philip James
1994

RTA 11.12.18
Listed
Martin, Jack
6133

RTA 2.3.19

Martin, Orville Stowe


RTA 29.5.19

McArdle, John Eric Farquhar
2544
KIA 26.9.17
KIA 26.9.17
Fallen
McCracken, Norman P.




McCulloch, C.




McDowell, William Robert
3831
KIA26.9.17
KIA
Fallen
McEwan, Francis Jacob (Frank J.)
Lieut. / 531


Listed
McLaughlin, Thos.




McManus, Henry John




McVicar, Archibald A.
2124
three times wounded
RTA 27.5.19 Dis 28.8.19
Listed
McVicar, Frederick Neil George
3562

RTA 23.9.18
Listed
Miles, Edward T.L.




Mitchell, Thomas Trebilcock
955
twice wounded
RTA 17.5.19 Dis 4.9.19
Listed
Mitchell, William Dawson
6539
wounded France 27.9.1917
RTA 8.4.18

Mockett, Arch




Moodie, R. A. (Alec)


Dis 31.7.19
Listed
Morris, George




Mortimer, M.




Mouet, Gordon (? Mouat Gordon McKie)
1071

RTA 9.3.19

Neil, Arthur Stanley




Neil, O.




Nicholsen, William (or Nicolson, William George)
3845
died of wounds (effects of gas) at Avoca 25 Nov 1920
RTA 3.3.19

Nicholson, Ernest



Listed
Ohlsen, William Peter
2370

RTA 5.11.17

Opie, Ernest
4496

RTA 5/7/1916

Opie, M.




Opie, Norman
9

RTA 23.7.19

Oppy, William Edward
1964
died 13/10/1917
KIA 13.10.17
Fallen
Orrock, John Harold
6621
died of wounds
DOW 18.11.16

Perry, A.D.




Petherick, Ernest George


RTA 21.3.19

Petherick, Ordmonds Leslie(Orme)
2759
killed 1916 - reported Sept 1916
killed 23.7.16

Phillips, Thos.




Porter, Albert Beddingfield



Listed
Preston, A.E.




Rae, F.M.

wounded - gassed - lost power of speech & hearing but has since regained


Rafferty, Matt




Randall, Matthew Ernest (Ernest)
165
wounded - returned from Egypt; injured by fall of horse in action (Avoca School Honor Roll)
Dis 1917
Listed
Randall, William
532
twice wounded (wounded May 1915); prisoner in Turkey for 3 years 3 months
Dis 8.2.19
Listed
Rayner, C.




Rayner, W. H.




Redpath, Warburton S. (= S.)
2769

RTA 10.6.17 Dis 19.9.19
Listed
Rees, Frederick L.
1705

Dis 30.9.18

Reeves, Harold Henderson
252

Dis 19.1.20
Listed
Reid, D.M.




Reid, Ebenezer Uranus Randall Kaiser (Eb.)
215
once wounded
RTA 3.7.19 Dis 9.10.19
Listed
Resuggan, Arthur George
57
wounded 1916
RTA 4.7.19 Dis 10.10.19
Listed
Roberts, R.G.




Robinson, F.T.




Robinson, Robert W. (Bob)
2245
reported missing 1916
RTA 5.4.19
Listed
Roe, A.T.




Rooke, T.A.




Ross, John M.
3/2709

Dis Nov 1919

Ross, Wm Leslie
3464

Dis July 1919

Rowland, Henry Herbert
1131
KIA 8/5/1915 Gallipoli, Lone Pine

Fallen
Rowland, Wesley Richard
1877
enteric fever Egypt; KIA 21/7/1916 Pozieres

Fallen
Ryan, J.




Samers, Vincent Robert (Vince)
2209

RTA 31/03/1919
Listed
Schofield, E.J.




Scott, Robert Victor
57116

RTA 5.7.19
Listed
Sells, William John
2249

KIA 7.8.15

Shaw. C.E. [Charles?]




Sims, Herbert Louis (Lew)
4584

RTA 15.5.19
Listed
Smith, J.




Smith, L.




Smith, P.




Smith, Stanley William
3484
DoW 9/8/1918

Fallen
Smith, Tom




Squires, Leopold Alfred




Stavely, William C. B. (Will)
Lieut.

RTA 18.12.15 assume should read 1916
Listed
Stewart, Alfred Eyvel
232
KiA 13/8/1918
KIA 13.8.18

Stoddart, George Henry
233
Wounded
RTA 27.5.19

Stuart, William Charles
5454
fallen
KIA 20.9.17

Summerfield, Arthur Joseph
723
wounded 1916


Summerfield, Sydney Edwin (Sid)
310 / 510

RTA 14/12/18

Summers, David L. (Dave)
635
paid supreme sacrifice KIA 19/7/1916

Fallen
Templeton, George Hugh
4597
DoW 26/9/1917

Fallen
Tootell, Edward
5152
KIA 24/4/1918


Tootell, James
970

RTA 19.1.1919

Torney, Wm G. or George William
1742

RTA 8.4.19 Dis 22.7.19
Listed
Townsing, George James
6103

RTA 12.6.19

Tuck, Percy Clarence
1672
DoW 1/5/1915


Turner, Charles Herbert
3839

RTA 13.12.18

Turpin, Henry
6357
DoW 17/4/1917

Fallen
Turpin, Patrick




Walker, Elspeth




Walker, H.




Walker, Kathleen Lucy
S/Nurse

RTA 14.12.17

Walker, Lionel Everard
Depot V79629



Walker, Rose Mary
Sister

RTA 14.12.17

Wantess, T.G.




Warren, Arthur




Watt, H.




Webster, Frank Thomas
1011
Died of Disease 4.8.16
DOD 4.8.16

Webster, Isaac Oswald (Ike)
871
killed at Gallipoli landing
~

Weir, Arthur




Weldon, Robert James Max (Max)
1012
Wounded


Willett, Frank




Williams, Henry



Listed
Williams, W.H.J.




Willmott, Charles Jonathon
401
KIA 25/4/1915
~
Fallen
Willmott, David Horace
2046

RTA 27.7.17 Dis 14.12.17
Listed
Willmott, Herbert Stoten (Herb)
77

RTA 11.6.19 Dis 11.8.19
Listed
Wilson, Albert
Depot


Listed
Wilson, Barwise Carr W. (Barry)
606

RTA 12.11.17
Listed
Wilson, C.M.




Wilson, Vivian L.
3964

RTA 13.2.17

Wilson, William Allan
7584

RTA 24.1.19

Wiltshire, Edward George
5481
wounded twice; 2nd time gassed and suffers from concussion - Sep 1918
Dis 20.3.20
Listed
Wise, C.




Wise, Murray R.
3156

Dis Aug 1919

Wise, Terence Murray
607

Dis Nov 1919

Witherden, David William (Dave)
3956
wounded in France - 1916
RTA 16.1.19
Listed
Witherden, Thomas Haswell (Tom)


RTA 12.5.19 Dis 21.8.19
Listed
Wood, Herbert




Worthington, Argus A. (Angus Arbor)
1064/ 3482

RTA 24/7/19

Worthington, Roy Vincent




Wrigley, Fred Rankin
3168
KIA 24.4.18
~
Fallen
Wrigley, John




Yates, James Oscar
1858

Dis 17.6.19
Listed
Yates, Leslie Reginald (Les)
2198 or 1861
paid supreme sacrifice KIA 26.7.1916

Fallen
Young, Cecil Ernest
5115
wounded in action - GSW to thigh & ear
RTA, discharged TPI

Young, Francis
6914

RTA 5.7.19
Listed
Young, James Guthrie
3517
wounded
RTA 11.4.16

Young, John Percival
2763
gassed; died 9/11/1918 pneumonia in England
~



Related post: Remembrance Day (66 men from the district died during the war, the Memorial records 30 Fallen, 2 of whom actually survived the war, thus only 28 of the 66 who died are listed as Fallen on the Memorial.)